1/2019 (Ročník 11)
Abstract: The credit activity of the World Bank in the territory of Ukraine has been analyzed. The current status of financing activities of IBRD and IDA development projects has been determined. The dynamics of loans has been traced and an attempt has been made to investigate their efficiency. Positive and negative aspects of cooperation with the World Bank have been highlighted.
Keywords: The World Bank, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Development Association (IDA), loans, projects, industrial infrastructure
Abstract: The aim of this work is to show the impact of the size of GDP (per capita) on the indicators of healthcare financing in Europe and selected countries . The impact of GDP (per capita) on the following indicators was examined: • Current Health Expenditure as% Gross Domestic Product • Government Health Expenditure as% Current Health Expenditure • Out-of-pocket expenditure as% of Current Health Expenditure Data on financing of healthcare in 36 European and world countries (Canada, Japan, USA, Russia) for the period 2000-2015 were analyzed. The panel data analysis was used to measure the impact of the GDP (per capita) on the mentioned indicators. The study demonstrates the positive impact of GDP (per capita) growth on Current Health Expenditure as% Gross Domestic Product as well as Government Health Expenditure as% Current Health Expenditure. It was not possible to prove the significant impact of GDP (per capita) on Out-of- pocket expenses as% of Current Health Expenditure. The models used (Random Effects Model, Fixed Effects Model - Least Squares Dummy Variables) point to the common and different practices of European and selected countries in providing sources of funding for healthcare.
Keywords: Health expenditure, Out-of-pocket expenditure, Fixed effect model, Random effect model
Abstract: Objective. The aim of the research is to study the essence and components of profitability as one of the most important indices of tourism enterprise efficiency. Research methodology. The monographic and abstract-logical method were used in the research (in order to improve the essence of the concept of "tourism enterprises profitability" and the formulation of conclusions); hierarchical classification method (to identify factors of both internal and external nature); graphic method (for visual display of research results). Results. The content of the concept of profitability and tourism enterprise efficiency is defined. The approaches to determining the essence of profitability from the standpoint of different authors are systematized. Specific features of tourism enterprises activities are determined. The types and functions of profit as one of the indices of profitability are investigated. The essence of profitability as a relative index of effective activity of the enterprise is determined. Scientific novelty of the research results. On the basis of approaches systematized in the process of the research in order to determine the essence of profitability, the author's vision of the concept of tourism enterprises profitability has been formed. The profitability of tourism enterprises is an index that characterizes the efficiency of an enterprise in terms of its ability to bring profit, to provide liquidity and competitiveness in the long run. Practical significance of the research results. It is determined that the process of profit accumulation is influenced by factors of internal and external nature. Initial measures are proposed to increase profits in the long run.
Keywords: profitability, tourism, enterprise, profitableness, profit
Abstract: The presented contribution focuses on the vertical, down-ward workplace bullying also known as bossing and the methods to assess this aspect in the work environment. Several selected attributes of a new original BOSSING questionnaire, which represents a psychometric approach to research and measurement of bossing, are also analyzed. Results of the research conducted on a sample of 770 non-managerial workers, including 301 (39.1%) men and 469 (60.9%) women, aged from 18 years to 61 years (M = 34 years, SD = 10.372 years), enabled extraction of the factor structure of the BOSSING methodology, where two factors were revealed: Work-Aimed Bossing and Psyche-Aimed Bossing. These factors represent two important areas within which the manifestations of bossing can be performed.
Keywords: bullying, mobbing, bossing, BOSSING methodology
Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to identify the determinants influencing the increase in the average volume of mergers and acquisitions leading from the source country to the destination country during the period 1998-2015 in the European Union. For the analysis, we considered relevant indicators of the state of the economy (source countries), the average change in the distance between the source and the destination country, the existence of a common border, the existence of a common language, membership of the European Union countries and the European Monetary Union and the level of social freedoms. The analysis shows that GDP does not affect the number of mergers and acquisitions themselves, but their frequency. We also focused on the analysis of the following determinants, namely the common border and its impact on the volume of cross-border mergers and acquisitions realized and the determinant of civil liberty and its impact on the rate of these investments in the European Union countries.
Keywords: Cross-border mergers and acquisitions, European union, European currency union, HDP
Abstract: Coaching is one of the significant tools of a complex development of managers’ working potential. It is a tool for releasing this potential allowing persons who are coached to maximize their performance. The effectiveness of a coaching approach relates to the awareness of individual specifics of the coached persons as well as to the assessment of individual coaching attributes. The paper presents the results of verifying a new, original AC-BEC methodology of assessing coaching from the point of view of behaviour, emotions, and cognitions. Using a factor analysis on a research sample of 317 managers, three factors were extracted – Behaviour, Emotions, Cognitions – that explain 69,73% of variance. The paper also presents basic parameters of the AC-BEC methodology, the values of Cronbach’s alpha, factors correlations and the differences in the assessment of factors.
Keywords: coaching, original AC-BEC methodology